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An eBook version of this title already exists in your shopping cart. If you would like to replace it with a different purchasing option please remove the current eBook option from your cart. Paperback : Hardback : Purchase Locally Buy on Amazon. Petras and Morley's approach to the debate over the decline of U.
At the same time, although Petras and Morley identify key aspects of the current crisis they emphasise a socio-economic structure dominated by outward-looking elites and driven by economic liberalization, financial deregulation and poor wages and conditions their explanation as to why the United States is characterised by such incredible and worsening inequalities is incomplete.
Petras and Morley evaluate the deepening social inequality of contemporary North America with an emphasis on class structure, implying that such an exercise will, or ought to, feed into a renaissance of class consciousness and class struggle. Petras and Morley's book appears to be directed in part at reinvigorating the progressive wing of the Democratic Party which still has some potential to alter the country's present political course.
Empire or Republic?: American Global Power and Domestic Decay, 1st Edition (Paperback) - Routledge
They also clearly envision those unions and organisations to the left of the Democratic Party as part of some future political alternative. Their analysis appears to be aimed at least at encouraging a genuinely social democratic alternative to the status quo. Of course I may be reading my own political preference into Petras and Morley's work here. At any rate, the corollary of their analysis and their general prescriptions seem to imply that the growing social malaise can be halted via some form of social democracy a radical objective in the age of neo-liberal hegemony.
At the same time, because they deploy class as a foundational and universal category of analysis there is a tendency for their perspective to ignore the importance of historical specificity. Their analysis tends to overlook the historical and cultural complexities of social power in the United States. This relative neglect of the historical and the cultural also places clear limits on the political alternatives which they see emerging, or at least anticipate will emerge.
An emphasis on socio-economic structure provides a crucial point of departure for the discussion of political change in the United States; however, structural approaches such as those provided by Petras and Morley do not to take sufficient account of the historical and cultural specificity of political and socio-economic change.
Empire or Republic?: American Global Power and Domestic Decay
Any attempt to understand the processes of political accommodation and reorganisation in the United States since the late s, which are linked to U. One of the most significant limitations on mounting a serious challenge to the status quo can be found in the dominant political ideas and cultural forms, and the processes of cultural redefinition and reinvention, which are presided over by powerful elites and institutions in North America.
Since the late s, a rising neo-liberalism has, with considerable success, worked to reconfigure individual subjectivity around flexible conceptions of unmitigated individualism and consumerism, often within a contradictory amber of nationalism. In this context the impressive litany of social inequality in North America which is outlined so well by Petras and Morley falls on deaf ears.
Despite evidence to the contrary it is still widely assumed that within the borders of the nation all citizens have an equal opportunity to improve their material and personal circumstances. While, many citizens are clearly sceptical about this idea, there are also many whether they are beneficiaries of it or not who proudly uphold the United States as a land where people are born free and equal and any failure to achieve material success must be a result of individual failings.
Petras and Morley's analysis of socio-economic structures provides a welcome alternative to the dominant political and cultural discourses in U. The powerful liberal narratives which reinforce the inequitable social order in the U. See James F.
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Petras and Morris Morley, U. James F. Also see Morris H.
The Indebted Empire: America's Current-Account Deficit Problem
Morris H. At the same time the themes they address have direct relevance to inter-American relations and undoubtedly justify the distribution of a review of this book on H-LATAM. Globalization can be defined in a general way as the growing array of world-wide processes of integration and differentiation which move capital, goods, information, ideas and people across national boundaries, linking and disrupting local and regional formations and helping to throw up new social and cultural forms and politico-economic patterns. For example, see John K. Norton, For an analysis which questions the seriousness and scale of the problem see Robert J.
Henry R. Joseph S. Nye, Jr.
Both Nau and Nye directly challenged the view, articulated most famously by Paul Kennedy, that the United States projection of politico-military power had exceeded its economic capacity and it had entered a period of relative, although not absolute decline. There are numerous contributions to this debate.
One of the most recent attempts to challenge the decline thesis is Alfredo G. Copyright c by H-Net, all rights reserved. This work may be copied for non-profit educational use if proper credit is given to the author and the list. For other permissions, please contact H-Net at hbooks mail. Citation: Mark T.
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